Grasses

CAUCASION BLUESTEM

#1168 | BOTHRIOCHLOA CAUCASICA

Summary

Caucasian Bluestem is not a yellow bluestem but is part of the old world bluestem family. Caucasian produces good forages and grows best on loamy or clay-loam soils. It is better in higher rainfall areas, but does not withstand long-term saturated or saline soils.

Old World Bluestems include several species of perennial warm-season grasses introduced from Eastern Europe and Asia from as early as 1917.  Since that time more introductions have been made from Russia, India, Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Turkey.  These various species are adapted to a wide variety of soils but prefer clay loam and loam soils.  They are very drought and cold tolerant, disease resistant, insect resistant and very palatable to livestock. The main advantage the Old World Bluestems have over most all native grasses is their exceptional tolerance to close repetitive grazing.  They respond well to commercial fertilizers and produce high yields of good quality forage when managed intensively.  Old World Bluestems range from prostrate to erect growth habits.  When not heavily grazed they produce a prolific number of seed heads with light chaffy seed that has the potential to be very invasive.

Plant Characteristics
Taxonomy

Zone

Regional Growing Zone
5 - Midwest, 7 - Great Lakes South, 8 - Appalacia, 9 - Southeast, 10 - South Florida, 11 - South Texas
USDA Plant Hardiness Zones
6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Temperature Zone
Warm, Transitional

Plant Characteristics

Height
36" - 48"
Bloom Period
Summer
Bloom Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Green
Growing Cycle
Perennial
Sun Requirement
Full Sun

Plant Information

Planting Season
Spring - Early-Summer
Plant Depth
0.25"
Minimum Soil Temp for Germination
60° F
Establishment
Easy

Seed Information

Seeds Per Pound
479,000
Kingdom
PLANTAE
Subkingdom
TRACHEOBIONTA
Super Division
SPERMATOPHYTA
Division
MAGNOLIOPHYTA
Class
LILIOPSIDA
Subclass
COMMELINIDAE
Order
CYPERALES
Family
POACEAE
Genus
BOTHRIOCHLOA
Species
BOTHRIOCHLOA CAUCASICA

Coverage Area & Available Sizes

COVERAGE: 5 PLS LB PER ACRE

AVAILABLE SIZES:

Applications

Forage & Grazing

Old World Bluestems are used extensively for forage in the Southern Great Plains.  In general they respond well to fertilization, are drought and cold tolerant, withstand close grazing, and are palatable for cattle. Forage yields of as much as 6 tons of dry matter are capable with a intensive management and a strong soil fertility program.  This group of grasses is very aggressive and present the potential to be invasive into surrounding species.

Pasture & Range

Old World Bluestems are used extensively for forage in the Southern Great Plains. In general they respond well to fertilization, are drought and cold tolerant, withstand close grazing, and are palatable for cattle. Forage yields of as much as 6 tons of dry matter are capable with a intensive management and a strong soil fertility program. This group of grasses is very aggressive and present the potential to be invasive into surrounding species.

Soil Stabilization & Erosion Control

Old World Bluestems were used extensively during the early Conservation Reserve Programs but most new plantings in the last 15 years have been predominantly native grasses.

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