Johnston's Native Grasses | Grasses

BARTON WESTERN WHEATGRASS

#1118 | PASCOPYRUM SMITHII

WESTERN WHEATGRASS FACT SHEET

Summary

Western Wheatgrass can tolerate many stressful environments including saline and saline-sodic soils, drought, and flooding.  It is very cold hardy, shade tolerant, and grazing resistant.  Western Wheatgrass greens up in March or April, matures in August, and goes dormant in early winter.  In native areas it is typically found with blue grama, buffalograss, needlegrasses, rough fescue, and blue junegrass.  Western Wheatgrass is moderately palatable prior to maturity to many classes of wildlife and livestock.

Plant Characteristics
Taxonomy

Zone

Regional Growing Zone
1 - Northwest Coastal, 2 - California Coastal, 3 - Southern Mountain, 4 - Mountain, 5 - Midwest, 6 - Northeast Lakes, 7 - Great Lakes South, 8 - Appalacia
USDA Plant Hardiness Zones
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Temperature Zone
Warm, Cool, Transitional

Plant Characteristics

Height
12" - 24"
Bloom Period
Mid-Summer
Bloom Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Green
Growing Cycle
Perennial
Sun Requirement
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade

Plant Information

Planting Season
Fall
Plant Depth
0.5" - 0.75"
Minimum Soil Temp for Germination
50° F
Establishment
Moderate

Seed Information

Seeds Per Pound
115,000
Kingdom
PLANTAE
Subkingdom
TRACHEOBIONTA
Super Division
SPERMATOPHYTA
Division
MAGNOLIOPHYTA
Class
LILIOPSIDA
Subclass
COMMELINIDAE
Order
CYPERALES
Family
POACEAE
Genus
PASCOPYRUM
Species
PASCOPYRUM SMITHII

Coverage Area & Available Sizes

COVERAGE: 10-15 PLS LBS PER ACRE

AVAILABLE SIZES:

Applications

Soil Stabilization & Erosion Control

Western Wheatgrass is commonly used in conservation applications and land reclamation due its high stress tolerance and sod-forming ability.  It is one of the most common components of native grass mixes.

Forage & Grazing

Western Wheatgrass is moderately palatable to many classes of livestock. Cattle tend to prefer it more so than sheep.  Nitrogen fertilization will increase forage yield and palatability.

Pasture & Range

Western Wheatgrass is moderately palatable to many classes of livestock. Cattle tend to prefer it more so than sheep. Nitrogen fertilization will increase forage yield and palatability.

Landscaping

Western Wheatgrass can be used in full sun and partial shaded areas of the landscape.  It is relatively maintenance free since its sod-forming characteristic crowds out most weeds once establish.

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