Johnston's Native Grasses | Grasses

CANADA WILDRYE

#1074 | ELYMUS CANADENSIS

CANADA WILDRYE FACT SHEET

Summary

Canada Wildrye  is a native, cool-season perennial bunchgrass that grows to 4 feet tall and is commonly found along sandy shores, wooded areas, and other disturbed sites. Canada Wildrye is well adapted throughout the northeast, north, and western United States. Unlike the warm-season native grasses, Canada Wildrye has excellent seedling vigor, establishes quickly, and has very good shade tolerance. If planted for grazing, Canada Wildrye must be carefully managed. The overgrazing of Canada Wildrye will lead to a decrease in plant population. Canada Wildrye utilized for hay should be cut at boot stage to maximize quality.

Plant Characteristics
Taxonomy

Zone

Regional Growing Zone
1 - Northwest Coastal, 2 - California Coastal, 3 - Southern Mountain, 4 - Mountain, 5 - Midwest, 6 - Northeast Lakes, 7 - Great Lakes South, 8 - Appalacia, 11 - South Texas, 12 - Southwest
USDA Plant Hardiness Zones
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Temperature Zone
Warm, Cool, Transitional

Plant Characteristics

Height
36" - 48"
Bloom Period
Late-Spring
Bloom Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Green
Growing Cycle
Perennial
Growth Habit
Bunch-Type
Sun Requirement
Full Sun, Shade

Plant Information

Planting Season
Spring - Fall
Plant Depth
0.5"
Minimum Soil Temp for Germination
50° F
Establishment
Moderate

Seed Information

Seeds Per Pound
115,000
Kingdom
PLANTAE
Subkingdom
TRACHEOBIONTA
Super Division
SPERMATOPHYTA
Division
MAGNOLIOPHYTA
Class
LILIOPSIDA
Subclass
COMMELINIDAE
Order
CYPERALES
Family
POACEAE
Genus
ELYMUS
Species
ELYMUS CANADENSIS

Coverage Area & Available Sizes

COVERAGE: 1 PLS LB PER 1000 SQ FT OR 10 PLS LBS PER ACRE

AVAILABLE SIZES:

How to Use & Apply

Planting may be completed in the spring or late fall, or early fall if moisture conditions are satisfactory. The seedbed should be firm and weed problems eliminated prior to planting.

Applications

Conservation, Reclamation & Restoration

Canada wildrye is often an early successional component of prairie mixtures.

Forage & Grazing

Canada wildrye provides good forage quality during the early part of the grazing season but is generally considered an inferior forage after it matures. It is fairly palatable to most livestock, and is rated good in energy value but poor in protein value.

Wildlife

Canada wildrye has fair to good palatability as food for wildlife. It also provides nesting, brood, winter, and escape cover.

Soil Stabilization & Erosion Control

Exceptional seedling vigor and rapid establishment make Canada wildrye an excellent species for use in erosion control seedings. Stands of Canada wildrye typically establish during the 1st year, reach peak production the 2nd or 3rd year, and then rapidly thin out. This species is sometimes used in seeding mixtures where quick development and stabilization is needed.

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